Abid 2019 J Clin Transl Sci

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Abid H, Hart C, Lanza I (2019) Effects of local interleukin-6 on mitochondrial physiology in skeletal muscle. J Clin Transl Sci.

Link: Open Access

Abid H, Hart C, Lanza I (2019)

Event: J Clin Transl Sci

In the context of skeletal muscle, IL-6 plays a major role in muscle quality. The goal of this project was to study the influence of systemic IL-6 on skeletal muscle mitochondrial physiology, most notably mitochondrial function (respiration and ROS production) and mitochondrial content.

To determine the influence of interleukin-6 (IL-6) on skeletal muscle mitochondria, high-resolution respirometry was performed to simultaneously measure oxygen consumption (JO2) and ROS production in differentiated myotubes incubated with increasing IL-6 (0, 10, 50, 100 ng/mL) for 18 hours in serum free conditions. To evaluate the impact of IL-6 on mitochondrial content we performed western blots on cell lysates from treated cells, measuring proteins of the mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC) using a cocktail antibody and PGC-1α/PGC-1ß for mitochondrial biogenesis. To determine the role of mitochondrial ROS production on JO2 and mitochondrial content, we co-treated differentiated myotubes for 18 hours with 50 and 100ng/mL IL-6 and the mitochondrial specific antioxidant, MitoQ and performed respirometry for mitochondrial functional measurements and western blots for mitochondrial content.Statistical significance was evaluated by using a 2-tailed Student’s t-test and two-way ANOVA. Post hoc all-group analyses were conducted to determine which groups were different when the model was significant.

Mitochondrial functional measurements show increased JO2 and increased ROS production in an IL-6 dose-dependent manner. Targeting mitochondrial ROS production with 0.5µm MitoQ attenuated IL-6 induced increases in JO2 and ROS production. Complexes I and II (CI, CII) of the ETC increased significantly in an IL-6 dose-wise fashion, and co-treatment with MitoQ normalized increases at 100ng/mL Il-6. 100ng/mL IL-6 significantly increased protein expression of PGC-1α and PGC-1ß. Co-treatment with MitoQ normalized IL-6 induced increase in PGC-1α.

Our data suggest that when treated chronically at a high dose, IL-6 increases mitochondrial respiration, ROS production, and content. Targeting mitochondrial ROS production normalizes these mitochondrial adaptations. The present study provides new insights into mitochondrial physiology in the context of inflammation. Therapeutically targeting mitochondrial ROS production may impact skeletal muscle quality in certain populations.


Bioblast editor: Plangger M


Labels: MiParea: Respiration, mt-Biogenesis;mt-density, Pharmacology;toxicology 


Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle 



HRR: Oxygraph-2k 


Affiliations

Mayo Graduate School, Mayo Clinic College Medicine Science, Rochester, MN, US