Ballot 2010 Apoptosis

From Bioblast
Publications in the MiPMap
Ballot C, Kluza J, Lancel S, Martoriati A, Hassoun SM, Mortier L, Vienne JC, Briand G, Formstecher P, Bailly C, Nevière R, Marchetti P (2010) Inhibition of mitochondrial respiration mediates apoptosis induced by the anti-tumoral alkaloid lamellarin D. Apoptosis 15:769-81.

Β» PMID: 20151196

Ballot C, Kluza J, Lancel S, Martoriati A, Hassoun SM, Mortier L, Vienne JC, Briand G, Formstecher P, Bailly C, Neviere R, Marchetti P (2010) Apoptosis

Abstract: Lamellarin D (Lam D), a marine alkaloid, exhibits a potent cytotoxicity against many different tumors. The pro-apoptotic function of Lam D has been attributed to its direct induction of mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT). This study was undertaken to explore the mechanisms through which Lam D promotes changes in mitochondrial function and as a result apoptosis. The use of eight Lam derivatives provides useful structure-apoptosis relationships. We demonstrate that Lam D and structural analogues induce apoptosis of cancer cells by acting directly on mitochondria inducing reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential, swelling and cytochrome c release. Cyclosporin A, a well-known inhibitor of MPT, completely prevents mitochondrial signs of apoptosis. The drug decreases calcium uptake by mitochondria but not by microsomes indicating that Lam D-dependent permeability is specific to mitochondrial membranes. In addition, upon Lam D exposure, a rapid decline of mitochondrial respiration and ATP synthesis occurs in isolated mitochondria as well as in intact cells. Evaluation of the site of action of Lam D on the electron-transport chain revealed that the activity of respiratory chain complex III is reduced by a half. To determine whether Lam D could induce MPT-dependent apoptosis by inhibiting mitochondrial respiration, we generated respiration-deficient cells (rho0) derived from human melanoma cells. In comparison to parental cells, rho0 cells are totally resistant to the induction of MPT-dependent apoptosis by Lam D. Our results indicate that functional mitochondria are required for Lam D-induced apoptosis. Inhibition of mitochondrial respiration is responsible for MPT-dependent apoptosis of cancer cells induced by Lam-D. β€’ Keywords: Cytotoxicity, Pro-apoptotic Lamellarin D (Lam D), Mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT), Human melanoma cells, Respiration-deficient cells (rho0)

β€’ O2k-Network Lab: FR Lille Neviere R, FR Lille Vienne JC, FR Lille Lancel Steve

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Pharmacology;toxicology 

Stress:Cell death  Organism: Human 

Preparation: Intact cells, Isolated mitochondria  Enzyme: Complex III, Complex V;ATP synthase  Regulation: Inhibitor, Substrate 

HRR: Oxygraph-2k 

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