Datzmann 2019 Pharmacol Res
|Datzmann T, Hoffmann A, McCook O, Merz T, Wachter U, Preuss J, Vettorazzi S, Calzia E, Gröger M, Kohn F, Schmid A, Denoix N, Radermacher P, Wepler M (2019) Effects of sodium thiosulfate (Na2S2O3) during resuscitation from hemorrhagic shock in swine with preexisting atherosclerosis. Pharmacol Res 151:104536.|
Abstract: Controversial data are available on hydrogen sulfide (H2S) during hemorrhage and resuscitation, depending on timing, dosing, mode of application, and the H2S donor used. Sodium thiosulfate (Na2S2O3) is a recognized drug devoid of major side effects, which attenuated murine acute lung injury and cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis whether Na2S2O3 would mitigate organ dysfunction in porcine hemorrhage-and-resuscitation. We studied animals with pre-existing coronary artery disease because of the reduced coronary arterial expression of the H2S producing enzyme cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) in this prospective, randomized, controlled, blinded experimental study.
20 anesthetized and instrumented pigs underwent 3 hours of hemorrhage (removal of 30 % of the blood volume and subsequent titration of mean arterial pressure to 40 mmHg). Resuscitation (72 hours) comprised re-transfusion of shed blood, crystalloids, and continuous i.v. norepinephrine. Animals randomly received vehicle or Na2S2O3 (0.1 g·kg-1 h-1) for 24 hours.
Before, at the end of and every 24 hours after shock, hemodynamics, metabolism, blood gases, lung, heart, kidney, and liver function and injury were evaluated together with cytokines and parameters of oxidative and nitrosative stress. Immediate post mortem lung, kidney, heart, and liver specimen were analyzed for marker proteins of inflammation and oxidative and nitrosative stress and mitochondrial respiratory activity in the heart, kidney, and liver. Immuno-histochemical analysis comprised lung extra-vascular albumin accumulation, nitrotyrosine formation, and CSE and glucocorticoid receptor (GCR) expression. Na2S2O3 significantly attenuated shock-induced impairment of lung mechanics and gas exchange (plateau and positive end-expiratory pressure at 72 hours p = 0.0006/p = 0.0264; Horovitz index at 48 hours p = 0.0261), which coincided with a higher tissue GCR expression (p = 0.0415).
During resuscitation from hemorrhagic shock Na2S2O3 attenuated shock-induced acute lung injury in co-morbid swine, most likely due to a GCR expression related mechanism.
Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
• Keywords: Nitrosative stress, Cystathionin γ-lyase (CSE), Cytokines, Glucocorticoid receptor (GCR), Heme oxygenase-1, Mitochondrial respiration, Nitric oxide, Oxidative phosphorylation, Oxidative stress, Sulfide • Bioblast editor: Plangger M • O2k-Network Lab: DE Ulm Radermacher P
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Pharmacology;toxicology Pathology: Cardiovascular Stress:Ischemia-reperfusion Organism: Pig Tissue;cell: Heart, Liver, Kidney Preparation: Homogenate
Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS Pathway: N, NS HRR: Oxygraph-2k