Galina 2014 Int J Biochem Cell Biol
|Galina A. (2014) Mitochondria: 3-Bromopyruvate vs. mitochondria? A small molecule that attacks tumors by targeting their bioenergetic diversity. Insect Biochem Mol Biol S1357-2725.|
Abstract: Enhanced glycolysis, the classic bioenergetic phenotype of cancer cells was described by Otto Warburg approximately 90 years ago. However, the Warburg hypothesis does not necessarily imply mitochondrial dysfunction. The alkyl-halogen, 3-bromopyruvate (3BP), would not be expected to have selective targets for cancer therapy due to its high potential reactivity toward many SH side groups. Contrary to predictions, 3BP interferes with glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation in cancer cells without side effects in normal tissues. The mitochondrial hexokinase II has been claimed as the main target. This "Organelle in focus" article presents a historical view of the use of 3BP in biochemistry and its effects on ATP-producing pathways of cancer cells. I will discuss how the alkylated enzymes contribute to the cooperative collapse of mitochondria and apoptosis. Perspectives for targeting 3BP to bioenergetics enzymes for cancer treatment will be considered.
• Keywords: 3-Bromopyruvate, Glycolytic inhibitor, Mitochondrial respiration inhibitor, Alkylation, Tumor cell metabolism
• O2k-Network Lab: BR Rio de Janeiro Galina A
Labels: MiParea: Respiration Pathology: Cancer