Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) catalyzes the anabolic reaction of oxaloacetate (Oxa) to phosphoenolpyruvate at the expense of GTP. PEPCK is a cytoplasmatic enzyme involved in gluconeogenesis in mouse and rat liver, but 'is found in the mitochondria in the rabbit and chicken, and in both cytoplasm and mitochondria in the guinea pig' (Lehninger 1970). In many anoxia-resistant animals, PEPCK plays an important catabolic role under severe hypoxia and anoxia at the PEPCK branchpoint (Hochachka, Somero 2002), feeding malate into the reversed TCA cycle: malate is dismutated to pyruvate catalyzed by malic enzyme in the oxidative direction, and to fumarate in the reductive direction, leading to formation of succinate and ATP under anoxia (Gnaiger 1977).
Reference: Lehninger 1970 Worth Publishers
MitoPedia topics: Enzyme