Saucedo-Rodriguez 2023 MiP2023

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Saucedo-Rodriguez 2023 MiP2023

Saucedo Rodriguez Maria Jose
Effect of succinate dehydrogenase deficiency on mitochondrial function.

Link: MiP2023 Obergurgl AT

Saucedo-Rodriguez Maria Jose (2023)

Event: MiP2023 Obergurgl AT

Authors: Saucedo-Rodriguez Maria Jose, Pecina Petr, Cunatova Kristyna, Vrbacky Marek, Cajka T, Mracek Tomas, Pecinova Alena

Introduction: Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) connects the TCA cycle by oxidizing succinate to fumarate and the respiratory chain by transferring electrons to ubiquinone. Mutations in SDH subunits have been associated with tumorigenesis as well as mitochondrial diseases. In this project, we focused on the flavoprotein subunit A of SDH (SDHA) which is primarily associated with inherited mitochondrial disease [1] and investigated the consequences of this subunit loss in HEK cells (SDHA KO).
Methods: We performed structural and functional characterizations of the SDHA KO model involving protein electrophoresis to study OXPHOS complexes and subcomplexes, label-free quantification of protein levels, measurement of cellular respiration using high-resolution respirometry and determination of NAD+/NADH levels.
Results and discussion: Together with SDHA, other SDH subunits were downregulated as well, leading to the absence of assembled SDH. Moreover, a secondary downregulation of the majority of complex I and IV subunits was observed. The cellular respiratory capacity was severely decreased in the model, with SDH-dependent respiration completely abolished and complex I-dependent respiration attenuated reflecting the downregulation of respiratory chain complexes in general. Finally, the NAD+/NADH ratio was increased in SDHA KO compared to the controls, indicating complex rearrangement of the TCA. The SDHA KO cells thus represent a suitable model to study metabolic rewiring and the effect of pathogenic SDHA mutations.

  1. Rustin, P., Munnich, A., & RΓΆtig, A. (2002). Succinate dehydrogenase and human diseases: new insights into a well-known enzyme. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejhg.5200793


Affiliations and acknowledgements

Saucedo-Rodriguez Maria Jose1,2, Pecina P1, ČunÑtovÑ K1, Vrbacký M1, Čajka T3, MrÑček T1, PecinovÑ A1
  1. Laboratory of Bioenergetics, Institute of Physiology, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic
  2. Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
  3. Laboratory of Translational Metabolism, Institute of Physiology, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic
Corresponding author: [email protected]
Funding: The project is supported by the Grant Agency of Charles University (GA UK No. 283423)

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