Singhal 2017 Mol Biol Cell
|Singhal RK, Kruse C, Heidler J, Strecker V, Zwicker K, Düsterwald L, Westermann B, Herrmann JM, Wittig I, Rapaport D (2017) Coi1 is a novel assembly factor of the yeast complex III-complex IV supercomplex. Mol Biol Cell 28:2609-22.|
Abstract: The yeast bc1 complex (complex III) and cytochrome oxidase (complex IV) are mosaics of core subunits encoded by the mitochondrial genome and additional nuclear-encoded proteins imported from the cytosol. Both complexes build in the mitochondrial inner membrane various supramolecular assemblies. The formation of the individual complexes and their supercomplexes depends on the activity of dedicated assembly factors. We identified a so far uncharacterized mitochondrial protein (open reading frame YDR381C-A) as an important assembly factor for complex III, complex IV, and their supercomplexes. Therefore, we named this protein Cox interacting (Coi) 1. Deletion of COI1 results in decreased respiratory growth, reduced membrane potential, and hampered respiration, as well as slow fermentative growth at low temperature. In addition, coi1Δ cells harbour reduced steady-state levels of subunits of complexes III and IV as well as of the assembled complexes and supercomplexes. Interaction of Coi1 with respiratory chain subunits seems transient, as it appears to be a stoichiometric subunit neither of complex III nor of complex IV. Collectively, this work identifies a novel protein that plays a role in the assembly of the mitochondrial respiratory chain.
• Bioblast editor: Kandolf G
Labels: MiParea: Respiration
Organism: Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Preparation: Isolated mitochondria Enzyme: Complex III, Complex IV;cytochrome c oxidase, Supercomplex
Coupling state: ROUTINE, ET