Barath 2022 Int J Mol Sci
|Baráth B, Jász DK, Horváth T, Baráth B, Maróti G, Strifler G, Varga G, Sándor L, Perényi D, Tallósy S, Donka T, Jávor P, Boros M, Hartmann P (2022) Mitochondrial side effects of surgical prophylactic antibiotics Ceftriaxone and Rifaximin lead to bowel mucosal damage. Int J Mol Sci 23:5064. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23095064
Abstract: Despite their clinical effectiveness, a growing body of evidence has shown that many classes of antibiotics lead to mitochondrial dysfunction. Ceftriaxone and Rifaximin are first choice perioperative antibiotics in gastrointestinal surgery targeting fundamental processes of intestinal bacteria; however, may also have negative consequences for the host cells. In this study, we investigated their direct effect on mitochondrial functions in vitro, together with their impact on ileum, colon and liver tissue. Additionally, their impact on the gastrointestinal microbiome was studied in vivo, in a rat model. Rifaximin significantly impaired the oxidative phosphorylation capacity (OxPhos) and leak respiration in the ileal mucosa, in line with increased oxidative tissue damage and histological changes following treatment. Ceftriaxone prophylaxis led to similar changes in the colon mucosa. The composition and diversity of bacterial communities differed extensively in response to antibiotic pre-treatment. However, the relative abundances of the toxin producing species were not increased. We have confirmed the harmful effects of prophylactic doses of Rifaximin and Ceftriaxone on the intestinal mucosa and that these effects were related to the mitochondrial dysfunction. These experiments raise awareness of mitochondrial side effects of these antibiotics that may be of clinical importance when evaluating their adverse effects on bowel mucosa.
• Bioblast editor: Gnaiger E • O2k-Network Lab: HU Szeged Boros M
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Pharmacology;toxicology
Stress:Oxidative stress;RONS Organism: Rat Tissue;cell: Liver Preparation: Homogenate, Isolated mitochondria
Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS Pathway: S HRR: Oxygraph-2k, O2k-Fluorometer