Bowering 2023 Front Physiol

From Bioblast
Publications in the MiPMap
Bowering LR, McArley TJ, Devaux JBL, Hickey AJR, Herbert NA (2023) Metabolic resilience of the Australasian snapper (Chrysophrys auratus) to marine heatwaves and hypoxia.

Β» Front Physiol 14:1215442. PMID: 37528894 Open Access

Bowering Lyvia R, McArley Tristan J, Devaux Jules BL, Hickey Anthony JR, Herbert Neill A (2023) Front Physiol

Abstract: Marine organisms are under threat from a simultaneous combination of climate change stressors, including warming sea surface temperatures (SST), marine heatwave (MHW) episodes, and hypoxic events. This study sought to investigate the impacts of these stressors on the Australasian snapper (C. auratus) - a finfish species of high commercial and recreational importance, from the largest snapper fishery in Aotearoa New Zealand (SNA1). A MHW scenario was simulated from 21Β°C (current February SST average for north-eastern New Zealand) to a future predicted level of 25Β°C, with the whole-animal and mitochondrial metabolic performance of snapper in response to hypoxia and elevated temperature tested after 1-, 10-, and 30-days of thermal challenge. It was hypothesised that key indicators of snapper metabolic performance would decline after 1-day of MHW stress, but that partial recovery might arise as result of thermal plasticity after chronic (e.g., 30-day) exposures. In contrast to this hypothesis, snapper performance remained high throughout the MHW: 1) Aerobic metabolic scope increased after 1-day of 25Β°C exposure and remained high. 2) Hypoxia tolerance, measured as the critical O2 pressure and O2 pressure where loss of equilibrium occurred, declined after 1-day of warm-acclimation, but recovered quickly with no observable difference from the 21Β°C control following 30-days at 25Β°C. 3) The performance of snapper mitochondria was also maintained, with oxidative phosphorylation respiration and proton leak flux across the inner mitochondrial membrane of the heart remaining mostly unaffected. Collectively, the results suggest that heart mitochondria displayed resilience, or plasticity, in snapper chronically exposed to 25Β°C. Therefore, contrary to the notion of climate change having adverse metabolic effects, future temperatures approaching 25Β°C may be tolerated by C. auratus in Northern New Zealand. Even in conjunction with supplementary hypoxia, 25Β°C appears to represent a metabolically optimal temperature for this species. β€’ Keywords: Fish, Heart, Hypoxia-tolerance, Metabolism, Mitochondria, Respirometry, Thermal-tolerance β€’ Bioblast editor: Plangger M β€’ O2k-Network Lab: NZ Auckland Hickey AJ

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Comparative MiP;environmental MiP 

Stress:Hypoxia  Organism: Fishes  Tissue;cell: Heart  Preparation: Permeabilized tissue 

Regulation: Temperature  Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET  Pathway: N, CIV, NS, ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k 


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