Grimm 2015 Exp Gerontol

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Grimm C, Osiewacz HD (2015) Manganese rescues adverse effects on lifespan and development in Podospora anserina challenged by excess hydrogen peroxide. Exp Gerontol 63:8-17.

» PMID:25616172

Grimm C, Osiewacz HD (2015) Exp Gerontol

Abstract: For biological systems, balancing cellular levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is of great importance because ROS are both, essential for cellular signaling and dangerous in causing molecular damage. Cellular ROS abundance is controlled by a delicate network of molecular pathways. Within this network, superoxide dismutases (SODs) are active in disproportion of the superoxide anion leading to the formation of hydrogen peroxide. The fungal aging model Podospora anserina encodes at least three SODs. One of these is the mitochondrial PaSOD3 isoform containing manganese as a cofactor. Previous work resulted in the selection of strains in which PaSod3 is strongly overexpressed. These strains display impairments in growth and lifespan. A computational model suggests a series of events to occur in Sod3 overexpressing strains leading to adverse effects due to elevated hydrogen peroxide levels. In an attempt to validate this model and to obtain more detailed information about the cellular responses involved in ROS balancing, we further investigated the PaSod3 overexpressing strains. Here we show that hydrogen peroxide levels are indeed strongly increased in the mutant strain. Surprisingly, this phenotype can be rescued by the addition of manganese to the growth medium. Strikingly, while we obtained no evidence for an antioxidant effect of manganese, we found that the metal is required for induction of components of the ROS scavenging network and lowers the hydrogen peroxide level of the mutant. A similar effect of manganese on lifespan reversion was obtained in wild-type strains challenged with exogenous hydrogen peroxide. It appears that manganese is limited under high hydrogen peroxide and suggests that a manganese-dependent activity leads to the induction of ROS scavenging components.

Keywords: Aging, Manganese, Superoxide dismutase, ROS Hydrogen peroxide, Podospora anserina, Alternative oxidase

O2k-Network Lab: DE Frankfurt Osiewacz HD

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Genetic knockout;overexpression  Pathology: Aging;senescence  Stress:Oxidative stress;RONS  Organism: Fungi 

Preparation: Intact cells, Isolated mitochondria 

Coupling state: ROUTINE  Pathway: CIV, ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k