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Li 2023 Cell Rep

From Bioblast
Publications in the MiPMap
Li BY, Peng WQ, Liu Y, Guo L, Tang QQ (2023) HIGD1A links SIRT1 activity to adipose browning by inhibiting the ROS/DNA damage pathway.

» Cell Rep 42:112731. PMID: 37393616 Open Access

Li Bai-Yu, Peng Wan-Qiu, Liu Yang, Guo Liang, Tang Qi-Qun (2023) Cell Rep

Abstract: Energy-dissipating adipocytes have the potential to improve metabolic health. Here, we identify hypoxia-induced gene domain protein-1a (HIGD1A), a mitochondrial inner membrane protein, as a positive regulator of adipose browning. HIGD1A is induced in thermogenic fats by cold exposure. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) transactivates HIGD1A expression synergistically with peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor γ coactivator α (PGC1α). HIGD1A knockdown inhibits adipocyte browning, whereas HIGD1A upregulation promotes the browning process. Mechanistically, HIGD1A deficiency impairs mitochondrial respiration to increase reactive oxygen species (ROS) level. This increases NAD+ consumption for DNA damage repair and curtails the NAD+/NADH ratio, which inhibits sirtuin1 (SIRT1) activity, thereby compromising adipocyte browning. Conversely, overexpression of HIGD1A blunts the above process to promote adaptive thermogenesis. Furthermore, mice with HIGD1A knockdown in inguinal and brown fat have impaired thermogenesis and are prone to diet-induced obesity (DIO). Overexpression of HIGD1A favors adipose tissue browning, ultimately preventing DIO and metabolic disorders. Thus, the mitochondrial protein HIGD1A links SIRT1 activity to adipocyte browning by inhibiting ROS levels. Keywords: Metabolism, DNA damage, HIGD1A, NAD(+)/NADH ratio, ROS, SIRT1, Adipocyte browning, Hypoxia-induced gene domain protein-1a, Sirtuin1 Bioblast editor: Plangger M

Labels: MiParea: Respiration 

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