Wen 2023 PLoS One

From Bioblast
Publications in the MiPMap
Wen W, Guo C, Chen Z, Yang D, Zhu D, Jing Q, Zheng L, Sun C, Tang C (2023) Regular exercise attenuates alcoholic myopathy in zebrafish by modulating mitochondrial homeostasis. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0294700

Β» PLoS One 18:e0294700. PMID: 38032938 Open Access

Wen Wei, Guo Cheng, Chen Zhanglin, Yang Dong, Zhu Danting, Jing Quwen, Zheng Lan, Sun Chenchen, Tang Changfa (2023) PLoS One

Abstract: Alcoholic myopathy is caused by chronic consumption of alcohol (ethanol) and is characterized by weakness and atrophy of skeletal muscle. Regular exercise is one of the important ways to prevent or alleviate skeletal muscle myopathy. However, the beneficial effects and the exact mechanisms underlying regular exercise on alcohol myopathy remain unclear. In this study, a model of alcoholic myopathy was established using zebrafish soaked in 0.5% ethanol. Additionally, these zebrafish were intervened to swim for 8 weeks at an exercise intensity of 30% of the absolute critical swimming speed (Ucrit), aiming to explore the beneficial effects and underlying mechanisms of regular exercise on alcoholic myopathy. This study found that regular exercise inhibited protein degradation, improved locomotion ability, and increased muscle fiber cross-sectional area (CSA) in ethanol-treated zebrafish. In addition, regular exercise increases the functional activity of mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC) complexes and upregulates the expression levels of MRC complexes. Regular exercise can also improve oxidative stress and mitochondrial dynamics in zebrafish skeletal muscle induced by ethanol. Additionally, regular exercise can activate mitochondrial biogenesis and inhibit mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPRmt). Together, our results suggest regular exercise is an effective intervention strategy to improve mitochondrial homeostasis to attenuate alcoholic myopathy.

β€’ Bioblast editor: Plangger M

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Exercise physiology;nutrition;life style  Pathology: Myopathy 

Organism: Zebrafish  Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle  Preparation: Intact cells 

Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET  Pathway: N, S, NS, ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k 

2023-12, CN 

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